Publications

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ShakeAlert

Allen, R. M., 2007: The ElarmS earthquake warning methodology and application across California. In: Gasparini P, Zschau J (eds.), Seismic Early Warning. New York: Springer, pp. 21–44.

Allen, R. M., H. Brown, M. Hellweg, O. Khainovski, P. Lombard, D. Neuhauser, 2009: Real-time earthquake detection and hazard assessment by ElarmS across California. Geophys Res Lett 36 L00B08, doi:10.1029/2008GL036766.

Allen R. M., and H. Kanamori H., 2003: The potential for earthquake early warning in southern California. Science 300, pp. 786–789.

Böse, M., R. Allen, H. Brown, G. Cua, E. Hauksson, T. Heaton, M. Hellweg, M. Liukis, D. Neuhauser, P. Maechling & CISN EEW Group, 2012: CISN ShakeAlert – An Earthquake Early Warning Demonstration System for California, in “Earthquake Early Warning Systems”, Springer, Eds. F. Wenzel and J. Zschau, subm.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Solanki, K., Kanamori, H., and Heaton, T.H., 2009a: Real-Time Testing of the On-site Warning Algorithm in Southern California and Its Performance During the July 29 2008 Mw5.4 Chino Hills Earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 36, L00B03, doi:10.1029/2008GL036366.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Solanki, K., Kanamori, H., Wu, Y.-M., and Heaton, T.H., 2009b: A New Trigger Criterion for Improved Real-time Performance of On-site Earthquake Early Warning in Southern California, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 99, 2-A, pp. 897-905, doi: 10.1785/0120080034.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Hellweg, M., Cua, G. & CISN EEW Group, 2011: CISN ShakeAlert: UserDisplay – Operations Guide V2.3, SeismoLab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

Cua, G., M. Fischer, T. Heaton, S. Wiemer, 2009: Real-time performance of the Virtual Seismologist earthquake early warning algorithm in southern California, Seismological Research Letters, September/October 2009; 80: 740 – 747.

Cua, G., and T. Heaton, 2007: The Virtual Seismologist (VS) method: a Bayesian approach to earthquake early warning, in Seismic early warning, editors: P. Gasparini, G. Manfredi, J. Zschau, Springer Heidelberg, 85-132.

Kanamori, H., 2005: Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 33, pp. 195-214, doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122626.

Wu, Y.-M., H. Kanamori, R.M. Allen, E. Hauksson, 2007: Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, τc and Pd, for southern California, Geophys. J. Int., 170, pp. 711-717, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X. 3732007.03430.x.

 

ShakeAlert UserDisplay

Böse, M., R. Allen, H. Brown, G. Cua, E. Hauksson, T. Heaton, M. Hellweg, M. Liukis, D. Neuhauser, P. Maechling & CISN EEW Group, 2012: CISN ShakeAlert – An Earthquake Early Warning Demonstration System for California, in “Earthquake Early Warning Systems”, Springer, Eds. F. Wenzel and J. Zschau, subm.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Hellweg, M., Cua, G. & CISN EEW Group, 2011: CISN ShakeAlert: UserDisplay – Operations Guide V2.3, SeismoLab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.
CISN ShakeAlert: UserDisplay – Operations Guide V2.5.0, SeismoLab, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

Community Seismic Network

Clayton, R., T. Heaton, M. Chandy, A. Krause, M. Kohler, J. Bunn, M. Olson, M. Faulkner, M. Cheng, L. Strand, R. Chandy, D. Obenshain, A, Liu, and M. Aivazis, (2011), Community Seismic Network, Annals of Geophysics, 54, 6, doi:10.4401/ag-5269

Faulkner, M., M. Olson, R. Chandy, J. Krause, K. M. Chandy, and A. Krause, 2011: The Next Big One: Detecting Earthquakes and Other Rare Events from Community-based Sensors. Proceedings of the 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks.

Feldman, D., M, Faulkner, A. Krause, 2011: Scalable Training of Mixture Models Via Coresets. Proc. Neural Information Processing Systems.

Kohler, M. D., T. H. Heaton, M. H. Cheng, and P. Singh, Structural health monitoring through dense instrumentation by community participants: the Community Seismic Network and Quake-Catcher Network10th U.S. National Conference on Earthquake Engineering (NC10EE), Anchorage, Alaska, July 21-25, 2014.

Kohler, M. D., T. H. Heaton, and M. H. Cheng, The Community Seismic Network and Quake-Catcher Network: enabling structural health monitoring through instrumentation by community participantsProceedings of the SPIE Smart Structures/Non-destructive Evaluation Conference, San Diego, CA, March 10-14, 2013.

Olson, M., K. M. Chandy, 2011: Performance issues in cloud computing for cyber-physical applications. Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Cloud Computing, Washington D.C., USA.

Olson, M., A. Liu, M. Faulkner, K. M. Chandy, 2011: Rapid Detection of Rare Geospatial Events: Earthquake Warning Applications. Proceedings of the Fifth ACM International Conference on Distributed Event-Based Systems, New York, USA.

Book Chapters:

Chandy, K. M., Julian Bunn, Michael Olson, Annie Liu and Matthew Faulkner, 2011. Sense and Response Systems for Crisis Management, in Handbook on Securing Cyber-Physical Critical Infrastructure.

Presentations:

Faulkner, M. and M. Olson, 2011: Helping Humanity with Phones and Clouds. Invited Talk at USENIX Annual Technical Conference, WebApps 2011.

Technical Demos

Faulkner, M., 2011: Demo: Detecting Quakes with Clouds and Phones: the Community Seismic Network. Proc. Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS).

Faulkner, M., M. Olson, R. Chandy, J. Krause, K. M. Chandy, and A. Krause, 2011: Demo accompanying The Next Big One Detecting Earthquakes and Other Rare Events from Community-based Sensors. Proceedings of the 10th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Information Processing in Sensor Networks.

 

Engineering Applications

Cheng, M.H., Heaton, T.H., and Graves, R.W. (2012). “Seismic intensity estimation of tall
buildings in earthquake early warning system”, 15th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, 24-28 September 2012, Lisbon, Portugal.

Fujita, S., Minagawa, K., Shimosaka, H. and Tanaka, G., (2011). “Intelligent seismic isolation system using air bearings and earthquake early warning,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 31(2), 223-230.

Grasso, V.F., Beck, J.L., and Manfredi, G. (2005). “Seismic early warning systems: Procedure for automated decision making,” Earthquake Engineering Research Laboratory, California Institute of Technology,  Report No. EERL 2005-02.

Grasso, V.F., Beck, J.L. and Manfredi, G. (2007). “Automated decision procedure for earthquake early warning,” Engineering Structures, 29(12), 3455-3463.

Hilbring, D., Titzschkau, T., Buchmann, A., Bonn, G., Wenzel, F. and Hohnecker, E., (2010). “Earthquake early warning for transport lines,” Natural Hazards,1-31.

Kubo, T., Y. Hisada, M. Murakami, F. Kosuge, and K. Hamano, (2011). “Application of an earthquake early warning and a real-time strong motion monitoring system in emergency response in a high-rise building”, Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 31(2), 231-239.

Maddaloni G., Caterino N. and Occhiuzzi, A., (2011). “Semi-active control of the benchmark highway bridge based on seismic early warning systems,” Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering, 9(5), 1703-1715.

Nakamura, Y. and Saita, J., (2007). “UrEDAS, the earthquake warning system: today and tomorrow,” Earthquake Early Warning Systems, 249-281.

Nakamura, Y., Saita, J. and Sata, T., (2011). “On an earthquake early warning system (EEW) and its applications,” Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 31(2), 127-136.

Oh, C.K., Beck, J.L., and Yamada, M. (2008). “Bayesian Learning using Automatic Relevance Determination Prior with an Application to Earthquake Early Warning“, Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 134, 1013-1020.

Porter, K.A., (2003). “An overview of PEER’s performance-based earthquake engineering methodology,” Proceedings of Intern. Conference on Applications of Statistics and Probability in Civil Engineering, 1-2, 973-980.

Tipping, M.E., (2001). “Sparse Bayesian learning and the relevance vector machine,” Journal of Machine Learning Research, 1(3), 211-244.

Wu, S. and Beck, J.L., (2011). “An automated decision-making system framework for earthquake early warning system applications,” 8CUEE Conference Proceedings, 1737-1740.

Wu, S. and Beck, J.L. (2012). “Synergistic combination of systems for structural health monitoring and earthquake early warning for structural health prognosis and diagnosis,” Proceedings of SPIE, 8348: 83481Z

 

Finite Fault Ruptures

Böse, M., T.H. Heaton, and E. Hauksson: Real-time Finite Fault Detector (FinDer) for Large Earthquakes using Image Recognition Techniques, subm. to GJI

Böse, M. and T.H. Heaton, 2010: Probabilistic Prediction of Rupture Length, Slip and Seismic Ground Motions for an Ongoing Rupture: implications for Early Warning for Large Earthquakes,Geophysical Journal Internationa, 183(2), pp. 1014-1030, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2010.04774.x.

Heaton, T.H., 1985: A model for a seismic computerized alert network, Science, v.228, pp. 987-990.

Meng, L., J.-P. Ampuero, J. Stock, Z. Duputel, Y. Luo and V. C. Tsai. “An earthquake in a maze: compressional rupture branching in a weakened oceanic lithosphere during the April 11 2012 M8.6 Sumatra earthquake” Submitted to Science

Meng, L., J.-P. Ampuero, A. Sladen and H. Rendon, 2012: High-resolution back-projection at regional distance: application to the Haiti M7.0 earthquake and comparisons with finite source studies, J. Geophys. Res., 117, B04313, doi:10.1029/2011JB008702

Meng, L., J.-P. Ampuero, Y. Luo, W. Wu and S. Ni. Mitigating Artifacts in Back-Projection Source Imaging with Implications on Frequency-Dependent Properties of the Tohoku-Oki Earthquake. Submitted to Earth, Planets and Space, special issue “The 2011 Tohoku Earthquake”

Meng, L., A. Inbal and J.-P. Ampuero, 2011: A window into the complexity of the dynamic rupture of the 2011 Mw 9 Tohoku-Oki earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, L00G07, doi:10.1029/2011GL048118.

Simons, M., S. E. Minson, A. Sladen, F. Ortega, J. Jiang, S. E. Owen, L. Meng, J.-P. Ampuero, S. Wei, R. Chu, D. V. Helmberger, H. Kanamori, E. Hetland, A. W. Moore, and F. H. Webb, 2011: The 2011 magnitude 9.0 Tohoku-Oki earthquake: mosaicking the megathrust from seconds to centuries, Science, 332, 1421-1425, doi:10.1126/science.1206731.

Yamada, M., and T. Heaton, 2008: Real-Time Estimation of Fault Rupture Extent Using Envelopes of Acceleration, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., Vol. 98, No. 2, pp. 607–619.

Yamada, M., T. Heaton, and J. Beck, 2007: Early Warning Systems for Large Earthquakes: Near-Source versus Far-Source Classification, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 97, 1890-1910.

 

OnSite Algorithm

Böse, M., R. Allen, H. Brown, G. Cua, E. Hauksson, T. Heaton, M. Hellweg, M. Liukis, D. Neuhauser, P. Maechling & CISN EEW Group, 2012: CISN ShakeAlert – An Earthquake Early Warning Demonstration System for California, in “Earthquake Early Warning Systems”, Springer, Eds. F. Wenzel and J. Zschau, subm.

Böse, M., Heaton, T. & Hauksson, E., 2012. Rapid estimation of earthquake source and ground-motion parameters for earthquake early warning using data from single three-component broadband or strong-motion sensorBull. Seismol. Soc. Am.102(2), pp. 738-750, doi: 10.1785/0120110152.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Solanki, K., Kanamori, H., and Heaton, T.H., 2009a: Real-Time Testing of the On-site Warning Algorithm in Southern California and Its Performance During the July 29 2008 Mw5.4 Chino Hills Earthquake, Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol. 36, L00B03, doi:10.1029/2008GL036366.

Böse, M., Hauksson, E., Solanki, K., Kanamori, H., Wu, Y.-M., and Heaton, T.H., 2009b: A New Trigger Criterion for Improved Real-time Performance of On-site Earthquake Early Warning in Southern California, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 99, 2-A, pp. 897-905, doi: 10.1785/0120080034.

Kanamori, H., 2005: Real-time seismology and earthquake damage mitigation, Annu Rev Earth Planet Sci 33, pp. 195-214, doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.33.092203.122626.

Wu, Y.-M., H. Kanamori, R.M. Allen, E. Hauksson, 2007: Determination of earthquake early warning parameters, τc and Pd, for southern California, Geophys. J. Int., 170, pp. 711-717, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X. 3732007.03430.x.

 

Real-Time GPS

Betz, John W., M. A. Blanco, C. R. Cahn, P. A. Dafesh, C. J. Hegarty, K. W. Hudnut, V. Kasemsri, R. Keegan, K. Kovach, L. S. Lenahan, H. H. Ma, J. J. Rushanan, D. Sklar, T. A. Stansell, C. C. Wang, and S. K. Yi, Enhancing the Future of Civil GPS: Overview of the L1C SignalInside GNSS, Spring 2007 issue, pp. 42-49, 2007

Celebi, M., W. Prescott, R. Stein, K. Hudnut, J. Behr, and S. Wilson, GPS monitoring of structures: recent advances, Early Warning Systems for Natural Disaster Reduction, Chapter 7.5 in J. Zschau & A. Kuppers (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, ISBN 3-540-67962-6, pp. 709-714, 2003

Celebi, M., W. Prescott, R. Stein, K. Hudnut, J. Behr, and S. Wilson, GPS monitoring of dynamic behavior of long-period structuresEarthquake Spectra, v. 15, No. 1, pp. 55-66, 1999

Hudnut, K. W., Geologic and Geodetic Aspects of the 2004 Great Sumatra-Andaman and 2005 Nias-Simeulue EarthquakesEarthquake Spectra, v. 22 (S3), pp. S13-S42, doi:10.1193/1.2222383, 2006.

Hudnut, K. W. and J. A. Behr, Continuous GPS monitoring of structural deformation at Pacoima Dam, California, Seismol. Res. Lett., Vol. 69, No. 4, pp. 299-308, 1998

Hudnut, K. W., Y. Bock, J. E. Galetzka, F. H. Webb, and W. H. Young, The Southern California Integrated GPS Network (SCIGN), Seismotectonics in Convergent Plate Boundary, Y. Fujinawa and A. Yoshida (Eds.), TERRAPUB, Tokyo, Japan, ISBN 4-88704-129-2, pp. 167-189, 2002

Hudnut, K. W., N. E. King, J. E. Galetzka, K. F. Stark, J. A. Behr, A. Aspiotes, S. van Wyk, R. Moffitt, S. Dockter, and F. Wyatt, Continuous GPS observations of postseismic deformation following the 16 October 1999 Hector Mine, California, earthquake (Mw7.1), Bull. Seis. Soc. Amer., v. 92, No. 4, pp. 1403-1422, 2002

Ji, Chen, K. M. Larson, Y. Tan, K. W. Hudnut, and K. Choi, Slip history of the 2003 San Simeon earthquake constrained by combining 1-Hz GPS, strong motion and teleseismic data,Geophysical Research Letters, v. 31, L17608, doi:10.1029/2004GL020448, 2004

Shan, S., M. Bevis, E. Kendrick, G. L. Mader, D. Raleigh, K. Hudnut, M. Sartori, and D. Phillips, Kinematic GPS solutions for aircraft trajectories: Identifying and minimizing systematic height errors associated with atmospheric propagation delays, Geophys. Res. Lett., 34, L23S07, doi:10.1029/2007GL030889, 2007

Stansell, T., K. Hudnut and R. Keegan, Future wave: L1C signal performance and receiver designGPS World, 1 April 2011 (cover article), pp. 30-36 & 41, 2011

 

Virtual Seismologist

Caprio M, Cua GB, Fischer M, Wiemer S, Heaton TH (2011) CISN ShakeAlert: Accounting for site amplification and quantifying time and spatial dependence of uncertainty estimates in the Virtual Seismologist earthquake early warning algorithm. American Geophysical Union Fall meeting, San Francisco, S53A-2251

Cua G (2005) Creating the Virtual Seismologist: developments in ground motion characterization and seismic early warning. PhD thesis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California.

Cua G, Heaton T (2007) The Virtual Seismologist (VS) method: a Bayesian approach to earthquake early warning. In Gasparini P, Manfredi G, Zschau J (eds.), Earthquake Early Warning Systems. Berlin: Springer: 97-132

Cua G, Fischer M, Heaton T, Wiemer S, Giardini D (2009) Real-time performance of the Virtual Seismologist method in southern California. Seismol Res Lett 80: 740-748, doi:710.1785/gssrl.1780.1785.1740

Dietz L (2002) Notes on Configuring BINDER_EW: Earthworm’s Phase Associator. Fromhttp://www.isti2.com/ew/ovr/binder_setup.html

Fischer M, Caprio M, Cua G, Heaton T, Clinton J, Wiemer S (2009) Multiple-threshold event detection and other enhancements to the Virtual Seismologist earthquake early warning algorithm. Amercian Geophysical Union Fall meeting, San Francisco, S22A-02

Meier M-A, Cua G, Fischer M, Wiemer S (2011) CISN ShakeAlert: Improving the Virtual Seismologist earthquake early warning framework to provide faster, more robust warning information, S53A 2252, AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, December 2011

 

Other

Allen, R.M., Gasparini, P., Kamigaichi, O. and M. Böse, 2009: The status of earthquake early warning around the world: an introductory overviewSeism. Res. Lett. 80(5), pp. 682-693, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.682.

Böse, M., C. Ionescu, and F. Wenzel, 2007: Earthquake early warning for Bucharest, Romania: Novel and revised scaling relationsGeophys. Res. Lett., 34, L07302, doi:10.1029/2007GL029396.

Böse, M., Wenzel, F., and M. Erdik, 2008: PreSEIS: A Neural Network based Approach to Earthquake Early Warning for Finite FaultsBull. Seism. Soc. Am., Vol. 98, No. 1, pp. 366-382; doi: 10.1785/0120070002.

Oth, A., M. Böse, F. Wenzel, N. Köhler and M. Erdik, 2010: Evaluation and Optimization of Seismic Networks and Algorithms for Earthquake Early Warning – the case of Istanbul (Turkey),J. of Geophys. Res., 115, B10311, doi:10.1029/2010JB007447.

Köhler, N., Cua, G., Wenzel, F., and M. Böse, 2009: Rapid Source Parameter Estimations of Southern California Earthquakes Using PreSEISSeism. Res. Lett.80 (5), pp. 748-754, doi: 10.1785/gssrl.80.5.748.

ShakeAlert V1.2 rolled out in April extending the “production prototype” to Washington and Oregon!


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